Skip to main content

Clemens-Hardaway Manuscript Collection [DOC MSS 29]

Identifier: DOC MSS 29

Scope and Contents

The Clemens-Hardaway Manuscript Collection provides very detailed genealogical and family history information on the Clemens, Mullanphy, and related families of St. Louis and elsewhere.  The earliest items in the collection, copies of original letters and legal documents made by Mary C. Clemens during her genealogical research, date to the 1770s, with the bulk of the material dating from about 1930 to 1950. Mary Clemens was engaged in extensive genealogical work as early as 1900.

Most of the collection is contained in a series entitled Genealogical Material, which includes notes, clippings, genealogical tables, historical sketches, correspondence, cemetery and church records, and copies of legal documents providing information on the Boyce, Clarke, Clemens, Mullanphy, Sherrard, and Thomas families. Another major series is that of Manuscripts, containing typescripts of Mary C. Clemens's works on the Clemens family and the descendants of John Mullanphy, which are heavily larded with annotations, notes, clippings, and correspondence. Also in this series are Raymond Martin Bell's _Ancestry of Samuel Clemens, Grandfather of Mark Twain_ and Bell's and Harriet Hardaway's _James Clemens of Washington County_. The Charts Series consists of genealogical charts for the Clemens, Mullanphy, Sherrard, and Wolfe families, along with P.O. Selby's _Mark Twain's Relatives_.

The Clippings Series is divided into three subseries covering articles on Mark Twain, the Mullanphy family, and the Clemens family. The Scrapbooks Series contains one early compilation of newspaper articles on the Clemens family and its relations dating from 1843 to 1892.

The Society of the Sacred Heart/Sisters of Charity Series contains material on the Mullanphy family's involvement with these two orders. John Mullanphy donated land to both but left the Sacred Heart gift especially hedged round with restrictions.  Included here are a legal opinion requested by Elizabeth Clemens Clarke on the identity of those Mullanphy descendants authorized to propose orphaned pupils to the Sacred Heart's Maryville Academy, and Mary C. Clemens's notes and correspondence covering discussions with the superiors of the Society concerning the education of orphans at the Academy of the Sacred Heart.

As far as possible, Mary C. Clemens's apparent original ordering of the material into categories has been maintained. This has resulted, as described above, in notes, clippings, etc. that might have become part of separate series being left within other series such as Manuscripts and the catch-all Genealogical Materials, where they were placed by Clemens.


  • 1771-1986


Conditions Governing Access

There are no restrictions on access to this collection.

Conditions Governing Use

Restrictions may exist on reproduction, quotation, or publication. Please contact the Saint Louis University Archives for details.


3.30 Linear Feet

Language of Materials



This collection represents one of the three main divisions within the material donated by Elizabeth Tilton Seeley, niece of Harriet Lane Cates Hardaway and apparent inheritor of the Hardaway estate. The bulk of the Clemens-Hardaway Manuscript Collection consists of the genealogical research materials of Mary Cornelia Clemens, first cousin once removed of Harriet Hardaway. (Clemens and John Mullanphy Cates, Hardaway's father, were first cousins.) Hardaway shared Mary Clemens's interest in the family history and seems to have inherited Clemens's notes, which she used in writing her own family histories and to which she made some additions after Clemens' death in the 1950s. The larger part of the collection is made up of genealogical charts, general genealogical research materials (notes, clippings, correspondence, historical sketches, copies of legal documents, etc.), and manuscripts on the history and pedigree of the Clemens and Mullanphy families and their relations. This collection is organized into thirteen series:  1. Charts; 2. Church Records; 3. Clippings; 4. Correspondence; 5. Ephemera; 6. Genealogical Material; 7. Manuscripts; 8. Notes; 9. Photographs and Postcards; 10. Publications; 11. Scrapbooks; 12. Society of the Sacred Heart/Sisters of Charity; 13. Wills.

Source of Acquisition

Gift of Mary C. Clemens.

Physical Description

1,760 items other_unmapped

Clemens-Hardaway Manuscript Collection [DOC MSS 29]DOC MSS 29
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script
Language of description note

Repository Details

Part of the Saint Louis University Archives Repository

Pius XII Memorial Library
3650 Lindell Blvd.
St. Louis Missouri 63108 United States